An extreme light laser is a universal light source which generates a vast range of radiations and high energy particles making it possible to obtain electromagnetic waves, very high pressure temperature and acceleration. It sheds light on some of the unanswered questions of fundamental physics such as the origin of cosmic rays with energy exceeding 1020 eV and the loss of information in black holes.By using plasma acceleration some of these key questions could be studied in lab conditions. Furthermore, extreme light makes it possible to study the structure of a vacuum and particle generation. By going beyond the limits of intensity that can be reached with current techniques, there will be a new pathway to generate extremely brief coherent light impulses (10-18-10-21 seconds) at high energy, practically speaking in the X ray range, reaching the power of the order of a zettawatt (10 to the 21 watt, that is one thousand billion billion watts).



Gérard Mourou

Nobel Prize in Physics - In cooperation with the French Embassy

Gérard Mourou

Prof Mourou  shared the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics with Canadian Donna Strickland for the  joint invention of a laser amplification technique known as Chirped Pulse Amplification that has revolutionized laser physics since it was discovered in 1988, allowing it to increase the power of ultra-short laser pulses by various orders of magnitude. This result has had an impact in various fields of application, particularly in the field of eye surgery. As Ge?rard Mourou says, the best has yet to come because this technology promises to solve the problem of radioactive waste: by bombing waste with ultra-powerful lasers, you could change their nuclear composition and inactivate them in a few minutes instead of the current thousands of years. Currently, Mourou is  Professor at the École Polytechnique, the past Director of the Laboratoire d'Optique applique?e at theENSTA (Ecole Nationale Supe?rieure de Techniques Avance?es) in Paris and the founding director of the Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (CUOS) at the University of Michigan.