On December the 3rd 1967 al Groote Schuur Hospital of Cape Town Christian Barnard, then a young surgeon, transplanted the heart of woman who had died in a car accident into Louis Washkansky, a 54 year old former sportsman suffering from diabetes and with a very severe heart condition. The operation lasted nine hours and the patient survived 18 days. A month later Barnard attempted another transplant on the dentist Philip Blaiberg, who survived 19 months. Since then heart transplants have multiplied and current thousands of people are living with a new heart. Anti-rejection drugs have played a key role, especially cyclosporine. Progress has also taken place in other area, from the surgical technique, heart lung transplants, mini-invasive techniques and trans-catheter procedures and artificial hearts. What challenges does the future hold? Regenerated organs and xeno-transplantation. The conference will give an idea of the state of the art and coming targets.

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Mauro Rinaldi

Città della Salute di Torino Hospital Trust, University of Turin

Mauro Rinaldi

A pupil of Professor Viganò’s at the University of Pavia, Mauro Rinaldi took part  in the first heart transplant in Italy. He then continued his training abroad, specifically at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester (US). Throughout his career he has made great contributions to the development of heart surgery. His research interests include the artificial heart to be used by people waiting for a transplant, a solution that he used in Italy for the first time and then in about fifty cases. He has performed 165 heart transplants, about 80 lung and 3 heart-lung transplants. The development of a procedure for lung regeneration" to increase the availability of organs suitable for transplant.